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March 7, 1948: the Dodecannese archipelago (12 islands) joins Greece. Few people know that these islands were actually Italian before becoming Greek.

It was not until 1948, after enduring centuries of occupation by different powers and a campaign to strip them of their Greek identity, that the islanders were finally able to join their fellow Greeks.

After the Ottoman conquest of 1522, the largest islands of the Dodecanese, Rhodes and Kos, came under direct Ottoman rule.

The London Protocol in 1830, which formally recognized Greek independence, left out the islands, most of which - with the exception of Kastellorizo -20813d6c673b_near Turkey - were later occupied by Italy during Italy's war with the Ottomans.

In 1923 Italy annexed the islands under the Treaty of Lausanne and later Mussolini began a policy of "Italianization", trying to strip the islands of the influence of their Greek culture, language and traditions. old traditions, integrating them into his fascist regime.

Rome also tried to implement a resettlement policy in the archipelago, and by 1936 a total of 16,700 Italian nationals lived on the islands, most of them on Rhodes and Leros.

 

But the worst was yet to come, as fascist race laws were enforced and totalitarian architectural projects – sometimes using forced Greek labor – were undertaken as part of Mussolini's efforts to Italianise the islands.

Nazi Germany maintained its strong military hold on the islands until the end of World War II.

After Germany's defeat, the islands passed into British hands, and in 1947 a peace treaty between Italy and the victorious powers finally transferred them to Greece, with $105 million in reparations._cc781905 -5cde-3194-bb3b-136bad5cf58d_Since then, the Dodecanese has been part of Greece.

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Here is: "Madame Carême". She is represented without a mouth, as a sign of fasting. She has no ears, because she refuses to listen to gossip. Her eyes are closed, because she refuses to look and judge others. Her head is bowed, her eyes closed, and her hands clasped in prayer, recalling our spiritual journey during Great Lent. It has seven feet, one for each Sunday from Lent until Easter. Traditionally, one of her feet is cut off every Saturday, until she has none left on Holy Saturday, just before Easter.

In antiquity, Greek women had very few rights. They had no right to vote, own land or inherit, a woman's place was in the home and the purpose of life was to raise children. However, powerful women managed to make their voices heard and remembered. Besides the goddesses of mythology (Athena, Demeter, Aphrodite, Hestia ... ), there is the prolific poetess Sapho of Lesbos, "the tenth muse" known for her lyrical poetry, the philosopher Arete of Cyrene, who fathered the first approaches to hedonism, Gorgo, Queen of Sparta, known for her political judgment and wisdom, and Aspasia, metic (foreign) companion of Pericles, whose house welcomed intellectuals and writers from Athens, including the philosopher Socrates , and doctors such as Agnodice. A particularly interesting article by Luis Ospino, in Greek reporter.

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This is where you will taste the best BAKLAVA in the world! :)

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The first line: a Greek film, both moving and fair.

A must see.

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Each of the regions of Crete, and Greece, is home to the "oldest olive tree" in the world. This one is in GOUVES, in the west of Crete. The circumference of the trunk: 12.5 meters, the diameter: 4.6 meters, variety: tsounati. It is still very beautiful!

The TSAROUHI, symbol of freedom for the Greeks: this very heavy shoe was worn during the War of Independence in 1821 against the Ottomans. These shoes thus became the symbol of freedom and bravery. The pompom on the top symbolizes the tree of freedom ... This uncomfortable shoe is now worn by the Evzones.

Huile d'olive Gourmet

The MINOAN LANGUAGE (2000 / -1400 BC):

The excavations carried out at Cnossos by Arthur Evans as well as the research which followed, brought to light nearly 2000 Minoan inscriptions. The study of the inscriptions, which consists of the phonetic transcription of the Mycenaean linear B into the Minoan linear A, made it possible to "read" the Minoan language. The subsequent linguistic study showed that it is now possible to understand this language.
A systematic approach has made it possible to establish that the Minoan language constitutes a distinct branch of the Indo-European language family from the first half of the 2nd millennium BC, which has features in common with Sanskrit, Armenian and Greek. There is clear evidence in the past of the existence of genres, substantives, verb endings and various types of vocabulary, which argue in favor of an Indo-European language.

The French consume an average of 1.5 l of olive oil per capita, the Portuguese: 6.5 l, the Italians: 12.5 l, the Spaniards: 15.5 l and the Greeks ???? 25.5 l !!! Yes Yes !

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On January 6th, each year, we celebrate Theophany ... (Theo = God, Phan = apparition). It used to be a day where statues of all the Gods were exhibited, and the generic term is used for the birth of Jesus Christ and other divine manifestations. The Baptism of Jesus by Saint John in the waters of the Jordan River results in the blessing of the waters. The priest throws a cross into the water, which must be recovered in order to bring happiness to all his family ...