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The History of the Origin of the World

In the beginning was CHAOS....

Thus were created the World, the Night and the Day...Hesiod,  a peasant from Boeotia recounts, in the 8th century BC :


In the beginning was CHAOS... Then the Earth  (Géa-Gaia). earth, the tenebrous Tartarus, then Love which penetrates men and gods with its gentleness, which subdues all hearts.

From Chaos and Erebus was born black Night. From Night was born Ether and Day.

The Earth (Gaia-Géa) engendered Ouranos, who was to cover it entirely with his starry vault and serve as a dwelling place for the blessed immortals.   She also engendered the high Mountains, home of the Nymphs. It produced  the Sea, with waves that swell and agitate. From the union of the Sea and Ouranos was born the Ocean, Coeus, Crios, Hyperion, Iapetus, Thea, Rhea, Themis, Mnemosyne and Phoebe with the golden crown, the amiable Thetis, and finally Cronus, the most cunning of all. 

The Cyclops were also born: Brontes, Steropes, Arges, who forged thunder and gave Zeus his lightning. They excelled in the arts and were renowned for their strength.

The children who were born to Gaia and Ouranos were monsters...   Their father hated them and gradually buried them in the bowels of the earth. Gaia, in revenge, invented FER, forged a huge scythe. It is Cronos, one of his sons, who succeeds in defeating Ouranos.

Rhea and Cronus had illustrious children,  such as Hestia, Demeter, Hera with the golden shoe, Hades with an inflexible heart, Poseidon and Zeus, father of Gods and men.

Cronos engulfed his barely born children, to protect himself from an omen. Rhea, anxious to save at least one of her children, Zeus, sends him to Lyctos, in the rich land of Crete. He will grow in the lands and thick forests of Mount Dikté.

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